Paul Rivet (7 May , Wasigny, Ardennes – 21 March ) was a French ethnologist; Los origenes del hombre Americano. México: Cuadernos Paul Rivet: Estudioso Del Hombre Americano, Panamericana Editorial. ISBN Paul Rivet (May 7, – March 21, ) was a French ethnologist and physical anthropologist, . Los origenes del hombre Americano. Los Origenes del Hombre Americano by Paul Rivet, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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Paul Rivet May 7, — March 21, was a French ethnologist and physical anthropologist, famous for his studies of South American peoples.

He was also active in the anti-fascist movement. Rivet proposed a theory ajericano to which South America was populated by settlers from Australia and Melanesia.

Paul Rivet – Wikipedia

He argued that Asia was the cradle of the American man, but that the first inhabitants of South America did not come from the north, but through Australia and Melanesia, some 6, years ago. He was able to present linguistic and anthropological evidence to support his thesis. Others, including Thor Heyerdahl who constructed and sailed the Kon-Tiki raft from Peru to Polynesiahave suggested that migration occurred from South America to Australia, and other evidence suggests that Polynesia was settled directly by Asians.

Regardless of the actual paths of the migrations that settled all rivdt lands of the earth, Rivet was clear that all americno was connected, originally one family.

His work has helped to break down the barriers that have arisen and inspired the idea that all people can be united. His interest was in becoming a physicianand so after graduating high school he attended the Military School of Medicine in Lyon.

He graduated with his doctorate degree in Rivet took part in the Second French Geodesic Mission to Ecuador inin the role of a physician.

It was there that he became eivet in physical anthropology, and decided to dedicate his life to the field.

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Los Origenes del Hombre Americano by Paul Rivet (1 star ratings)

He remained for six years in South Americastudying the inhabitants of Andean valleys. The idea behind the Institute was to bring together the three major social sciences — philosophyanthropologyand sociology. Beside his work in anthropologyRivet was much interested in politics. During World War I he oos active in the French defense ministry, and after the war he became a member of the anti-fascist movement.

Inhe became the Oribenes Municipal of Paris. He again started to spend more and more time in South Americawriting on local languages.

Los orìgenes del hombre americano

After the return to Paris inhe continued teaching while carrying on his research. From toRivet was elected a socialist representative and ina delegate of France to the sessions of the United Nations. Rivet was married to Mercedes Andrade, a native of Ecuadorwith whom he lived until his death. He died on March 21, in Paris, Hombrw. Rivet suggested the theory that the Indigenous peoples of the Americass in South America came from Australia and Melanesia.

He saw evidence in both the biophysical characteristics, such as the color of the skin and stature, and cultural and linguistic similarities among the indigenous peoples in Australia, Melanesia, and South America.

In honbre, Rivet proposed the alternative route for South American natives. Beside his work on the origins of man in America, Rivet also studied the local languages of South American Indians.

His linguistic research introduced several new perspectives on the Aymara and Quechua languages. His classification of Indian languages, published insuperseded all previous classifications, and was continuously used for several decades as the resource on local culture. Paul Rivet was a well known French anthropologistswhose work helped establish French ethnology between the two world wars.

He is mostly remembered today for the museums he founded, both in France and in South America, orignes for his theory of Australian migrations. InNorwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl organized an expedition to demonstrate that the trip across the Pacific Ocean was possible. Heyerdahl however, like his predecessors such as Jens Jacob Asmussen Rivrtbelieved that the migrations occurred in the opposite direction—that people from South America traveled to the Polynesian Islands.

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Heyerdahl constructed a raft named Kon-Tiki and sailed from Callao, Peru in the direction of the Australian Continent. It took three months to complete the journey, proving that migrations between the two continents were possible. Scientists still debate whether people who lived in the Americas before hunter-gatherer migrants from Siberia crossed the Bering Straitactually came from Oceania.

These all suggest that early humans traveled across the Pacific Ocean from Asia and Oceania to America during a time when inland routes were blocked by ice.

Among the scientists who have supported the theory of the Australian migrations are Mendes Correa and George Montandon. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Los Origenes del Hombre Americano

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The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: History of “Paul Rivet” Note: Politics and social sciences Anthropologists Credited.