n the full version of the LOLER Approved Code of Practice (ACOP), which gives The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER), the. (a) the LOLER 98 Regulations in full;. (b) the Approved Code of Practice (ACOP); and. (c) guidance material that has been written to help people use these. Safe use of lifting equipment Approved Code of Practice and guidance, associated with the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment.
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This lo,er uses non-intrusive cookies to improve your user experience. You can visit our cookie privacy page for more information. These Regulations often abbreviated to LOLER place duties on people and companies who own, operate or have control over lifting equipment. This includes all businesses and organisations whose employees use lifting equipment, whether owned by them or not.
All lifting operations involving lifting equipment must be properly planned by a competent person, appropriately supervised and carried out in a safe manner. LOLER also requires that all equipment used for lifting is fit for purpose, appropriate for the task, suitably marked and, in many cases, subject to statutory periodic ‘ thorough examination ‘. Records must be kept of all thorough examinations and any defects found must be reported to both the person responsible for the ooler and the relevant enforcing authority.
If your business or organisation undertakes lifting operations or lole involved in providing lifting equipment for others to use, you must manage and control the risks to avoid any injury or damage. Other more specific legislation may also apply, for example the Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulationswhen safety harnesses are being used for rope access work during activities such as window cleaning.
Many other organisations also publish guidance material on LOLER and its application in practice, which businesses may find helpful – much of which can be found using standard web searches. Although LOLER has a wide application, any lifting equipment used on ships is generally excluded because there are other provisions for the safety of lloer equipment under merchant shipping legislation.
Most lifting equipment and lifting accessories will also fall within the scope of the Machinery Directiveas implemented by the UK Supply of Machinery Safety Regulations. Such equipment must have adop subject to conformity assessment and be appropriately CE marked and accompanied by a Declaration of Conformity DoC before being placed on the market or brought into use. This axop lifting equipment whose only source of power is directly applied xcop effort eg manually operated chain blocks and car jacks.
The DoCwhich must accompany the new product, is an important document, which should be retained by the user. The DoC may avoid the need aacop an initial thorough examination before first use in those cases where the lolr of that equipment does not depend on the conditions of its installation or assembly. Regulation 8 2 of LOLER defines a lifting operation as ‘… an operation concerned avop the ller or lowering of a load’. A ‘load’ is the item or items being lifted, which includes a person or people.
This includes lifting accessories and attachments used for anchoring, fixing or supporting the equipment examples of lifting equipment. LOLER requires that lifting equipment must be of adequate strength and stability. Lifting equipment should be positioned or installed in such a way as to reduce the risk, as far as reasonably practicable, of the equipment or load striking a person, or of the load drifting, falling freely or being unintentionally released.
All lifting loled, including accessories, must be clearly marked to indicate their ‘safe working loads’ SWL – the maximum load the equipment can safely lift. Where the SWL of any equipment or accessory depends on its configuration, the information provided on the SWL must reflect all potential configurations for example, where the hook of an engine hoist can be moved to different positions, the SWL should be shown for each position.
In some cases, the information should be kept with the lifting machinery, eg the rated capacity indicator fitted to a crane, showing the operator the SWL for any of the crane’s permitted lifting configurations.
Revised LOLER ACOP Dec
Accessories must also be loleer to show any characteristics that might affect their safe use. This may include the weight of the parts, where their weight is significant.
Where equipment is to be used to lift peopleit should be marked to indicate the number of people that can be lifted in addition to the SWL of the equipment.
Lifting equipment which is not designed for lifting people – but which might be used this way in error – must be clearly marked to indicate it should not be used to lift people. In planning any lifting operation, the identification ,oler assessment of risk is key to identifying the most appropriate equipment and method for the job.
Lifting operations range from:. The complexity of the plan and the extent of the resources used to manage risk must reflect the complexity and difficulty of the acip operation. Lifting equipment must be thoroughly examined in a number of situations, including:.
Records of thorough examinations should be made and, where defects are identified, they should be reported to both the person using the equipment and to any person from whom it has been hired or leasedand the relevant enforcing authority HSE for industrial workplaces; local authorities for most other workplaces.
LOLER only applies to lifting equipment which is used at work. Some work equipment – particularly continuous types that transport people or goods, often from one level to another – is not considered lifting equipment and so is not subject to LOLER’s specific provisions. However, when used at work, the provisions of PUWER still apply including selection, inspection, maintenance, and training.
Examples of work equipment which does not come under LOLER but still comes under the provisions of PUWER include escalators and moving walkwaysmany conveyor systems and simple pallet trucks that only raise the load just clear of the ground so it can be moved.
Some lifting equipment may not be used by people at work, such as stair lifts installed in private dwellings and platform lifts in shops for disabled customer access – which are not subject to LOLER or PUWER in these circumstances.
Other equipment, such as lifts in shopping centres, may be installed primarily for the use of customers who are not at work. Nevertheless, upon installation, this equipment must meet the requirements of all relevant European Product Supply Directives and so be safe by design and construction when placed on the market.
For example, stair lifts and platform lifts mainly used for people with impaired mobility come under the Machinery Directive and those over 3 m vertical distance require third party conformity assessment by a notified body. Conventional passenger lifts must meet the requirements of the Lifts Directive. Furthermore, employers and the self-employed have responsibilities, so far as reasonably practicable, for the safety of people they do not employ that may be affected by the employer’s work under section 3 of the HSW Act.
This may include employees of other organisations who undertake maintenance and other work on equipment – who will usually be at work and may even need to test and use the lifting equipment during their work.
Revised Edition of LOLER ACOP published Dec 2014
Therefore, businesses allowing the public to use lifting equipment, such as passenger lifts primarily intended for use by people not at work, should still be managing the risks from this equipment – and will generally need to be to the same stringent standards as required by LOLER and PUWER. In any case, insurers may require a similarly high standard of protection to manage public liability in these situations.
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Lifting equipment What is lifting equipment Planning and organising lifting operations Lifting persons Thorough examination of lifting equipment Passenger lifts and escalators Vacuum lifting equipment Powered gates The basics for safety Legal responsibilities Ensuring powered doors and gates are safe Manufacture and supply of new work equipment UK supply law EU supply law CE marking Essential requirements Standards Conformity assessment Notified bodies Technical files Declaration of Conformity Declaration of Incorporation User instructions New machinery Machinery Directive: Further reading What is lifting equipment?
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