PDF | On Feb 1, , Ivana Tucak and others published Hohfeld’s Concept of Immunity. Likewise, Serbs included the poet Ivan Gundulić of Dubrovnik in the list of slučaju moglo dogoditi da logika novca naprosto prebriše državne granice i identitete. . BRANKO KOLARIĆ / EGALIZACIJA STEREOTIPI U NATJECATELJSKIM. Ivan Duns Škot – Čuđenje, dvojba, pitanje. Filozofija spoznaje i Logika pristanka Johna Henryja Newmana. aspects of Never Let Me Go // Shadows in the Cave: Film and Philosophy / Aleksandar Prnjat, Vladimir Kolarić (ur.). Beograd.

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Njihova je zasluga i dizajn svega popratnog materijala: Irena Kolbas First and foremost, I am grateful to everyone who was patient enough to collaborate with me and help me with this challenging project. I knew that the topic is current and interdisciplinary and thus very demanding, which normally appeals to me, but lpgika I really immersed myself into it, I had no idea of what I koladic getting myself into.

He was, in fact, my closest associate from the very beginning of our work on the exhibition in this big and challenging project, with one special detail that particularly moved me: I would also like to thank Maja Briski and Zaneto Paulin who, delighted with the topic and project, helped me a lot in our numerous conversations with their suggestions and great kindness and support. They are responsible for the design of all accompanying materials as well: I especially thank Maja for choosing the artists who created, based on my text, their art interpretations of stereotypes, and for finding sponsors, lecturers, workshop leaders… Working with Maja and Zaneto was unplanned, it happened spontaneously and it brought me great joy, if only for the opportunity to be reunited with my long lost friends.

She has no idea how much this meant to me, because I deeply appreciate her both logima an author and as a person. Aside from the great work she did, I really appreciate her support because it meant a lot to me. All the literature I needed was provided instantly. I thank Sanja Novak from the bottom of my heart. Despite her many obligations, she was always available for translations, text editing and proof reading, suggestions, conversations and endless unplanned work that would come up.


And she did it all willingly and klaric. To my friend and colleague Goran Zlodi I offer my special thanks for his cooperation and development of a computer application for the exhibition. When he heard ian I was doing, thrilled by the topic and my ideas, he offered his help immediately. I am very grateful to my many colleagues and friends for all their help, suggestions, conversations and ideas: I would like to express my very great appreciation to the artists whose works will be displayed.

As a former student of art history, I greatly enjoy having the works of both young and renowned artists in this project. And last but not least, I would like to thank my director Damodar Frlan who suggested I make an exhibition about stereotypes in the first place. Stereotypes are a very compelling topic which more and more disciplines are dealing with. Blonde jokes have become an example of universalia – an omnipresent stereotype where the blonde is always the butt of the joke.

The exhibition catalogue includes some of the basic types of stereotypes: The exhibition was created as a presentation of stereotypes in various ways: Also, the exhibition has an interactive part and some of the exhibits are displayed in a multimedia format.

Stereotypes change and so will this exhibition for the length of its duration: A bybook will accompany every change in the setup. Since the exhibition will last for more than six months, visitors will have an opportunity to see it more than once, while authors of setups will have a chance to present multiple examples of stereotypes and show how they change. Bez drugih nema ni nas. Naravno da stereotipi ovise i o kontekstu u kojem se javljaju. U knjigotisku je to naziv i za kopiju sloga.


Zaklopni tiskarski stroj sustava Boston Inv. Hogenforst, Leipzig Vrijeme nastanka: Hogenforst, Leipzig Date of manufacture: Stereotipi se mijenjaju, neki nestaju, stvaraju se novi. Prvi put fenomen stereotipa imenuje publicist Walter Lippmann u svom djelu Public opinions iz Stereotypes We Live By Introduction Stereotypes have probably existed since the beginnings of human society, since there are others.

Without others, there is no us. The others were always bad in one way or another: The distant others are usually even worse: When we think and act, we are quite often not even aware that we are dealing in stereotypes.

How many people will expect a beautiful blonde to be smart? Stereotypes, however, can also be positive, although they occur much more rarely.

Negative stereotypes, in their bad sense, are always prejudices. Of course, stereotypes also depend on the context in which they appear. Where does the word stereotype come from? The word is taken over from technical sciences: In book-printing, the word also refers to typesetting.

Stereotypy is also a technical term in special education02 and psychiatry to denote involuntary, mechanical, non-reflexive movements that occur repetitively always in the same way.

Without the term stereotype, it would be difficult to explain social changeability and human adaptability to changes. It is encountered and dealt with by sociology, social psychology, anthropology and ethnology, geography, imagology, linguistics, history, political theory, literary theory, filmology and other scientific disciplines.

The study of stereotypes is an interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary subject that has been increasingly investigated by scientists in all of the above areas during the past two decades. Stereotypes change, some disappear, while new ones are created. They often arise from elementary fear of the unknown, as a defence mechanism and sometimes from trying to find fault with the other.

Uvijek se kod stereotipa radi o dualnosti: Predrasude i stereotipi mogu se stupnjevati u pet razina: U znanosti su posljednjih desetak godina oblikovane discipline koje se bave stereotipima. The term was coined in analogy to printing and is used in social sciences and elsewhere to denote a schematic, simplified and hard attitude towards somebody or something, as well as a rigid and consistent behaviour, regardless of circumstances.

The expression thus came to mean an always identical process, a routine, something banal and everyday, and transferred over to social and other sciences denoting a simplified attitude towards the other, an unjustified generalisation. It appeared at the time of emergence and development of racial, national, ethnic, religious and social divisions and intolerances. The phenomenon of stereotype was first named by the publicist Walter Lippmann in its work Public Opinions.

This is why every collective stereotype that contains an expressly negative emotional judgement about an ethnic, national, religious, social and other group kolarjc interpreted as ivam. Generalisation and simplification, first impression, racism, xenophobia, homophobia they are all triggers and groundwork for the growth of stereotypes.

Different nations thus often have different hetero-stereotypes, since they always refer to different others. Stereotypes are always about duality: Stereotypes are grown from childhood, under the influence of family and environment. Racial discrimination as a result of stereotypes: African Americans are in the back seats, separated from the white people. Danas Prejudices and stereotypes can be classified in five levels: Avoidance is the creation of social distance to another group, usually because of different social norms 3.


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Discrimination is placing the other group into a less favourable position in terms of e. Crtana je crnom tintom s obojenim dodacima: The Hereford Mappa Mundi is a detailed mappa mundi, dating to ca.

Drawn on a single sheet of vellum, it measures cm by cm. World Map is drawn upside-down of contemporary maps, so that Europe is in the southwest, and Africa to the north which is common in medieval maps. The writing is in black ink, with additional red and gold, and blue or green for water with the Red Sea coloured red.

The captions demonstrate clearly the multiple functions of these large medieval maps, conveying a mass of information on Biblical subjects and general history, in addition to geography. Jerusalem is drawn at the centre of the circle, east is on top, showing the Garden of Eden in a circle at the edge of the world. Tri su osnovne funkcije tih stereotipa: U pravilu se radi o nepoznavanju i nerazumijevanju drugih: Stereotipi negiraju individualnost jer sve pripadnike iste grupe predstavljaju kao iste.

Stereotipi se s vremenom mijenjaju.

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Prejudices and bad stereotypes can be best avoided by getting to know the others and accepting that we are all different and special. This can be achieved by upbringing and education in childhood. Stereotypes are a lpgika tool in acquiring language and kolarif to communicate, of course in the sense of positive simplification. Cognitivism describes stereotypes as necessary tools for the organisation of the world around us.

Stereotypal classifications of peoples probably arose from Linnaean observation-based classification.

Several scientific disciplines dealing with stereotypes emerged during the past decade. Imaginative geography is the area of geography dealing with stereotypes from the aspect of geography, which necessarily also includes ethnic stereotypes. Historical imagology researches stereotypes from the historical aspect. It is to be expected that a discipline called ethnic imagology appears, because ethnology widely researches stereotypes, but often does not name them properly.

To je tema zasebnog poglavlja o rodnim stereotipima. His book Primitive Mentality, which appeared incan be read today only with a big dose of humour because of the incredible stereotypical observations of mostly learned missionaries about other people, as if they were a lower species or retarded. The missionaries were unable or, even worse, unwilling with honourable exceptions like Ivan Filip Vezdin 07 to accept that there are different people who are not primitive savages, but only have different systems of values, customs and beliefs.


Even today, stereotypes are cherished not only by uneducated and elderly people because people are considered to be more prone to stereotypes with age, again with some honorary exceptions. Living in national environments and feeling like members of a certain nation, while being surrounded by other national states and members of other countries, we necessarily form perceptions of other nations.

Such stereotypes have three main functions: As a rule, they arise from lack of knowledge and understanding of kolqric others, and there is often fear of the unknown or repulsion from somebody who is different lurking behind.

Stereotypes are a negation of individuality as all members of a group are regarded as being same. The truth is that the world is different from the perspective of different cultures.