[German Version]. (Ekha Rabba[ti]). An exegetical midrash on the book of Lamentations, divided into over 30 prooemia and five major sections. In my last midrash class at the Conservative Yeshiva, in preparation for Tisha b’ Av, we studied a midrash from Eicha Rabbah which blew me. Midrash Rabbah Lamentations Simon ben Kosiba, surnamed Simon bar Kochba (“son of the star”) was a Jewish Messiah. Between
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The designation ” Rabbati ” derives apparently from the verse: Lamentations Rabbah is an exegetical Midrash which expounds the Book of Lamentations verse by verse, and sometimes word by word. It is a compilation of various expositions and aggadot.
The work is divided into five sections, corresponding to the chapters of the Book of Lamentations. These are of the classical type of proem found in amoraic Midrashim, introduced by an extraneous verse which is subsequently connected with the beginning of the Book of Lamentations.
In 20 proems the extraneous verse is taken from the Prophets 10 from Jeremiahin 13 it comes from the Hagiographa 2 from the Book of Lamentations itselfand only in 3 is the extraneous verse from the Pentateuch. Nearly all begin with the name of a sage an amoraand are grouped according to the number of expositions given by him in diminishing order: The Midrash contains many aggadot and homilies on the destruction of the Temple 1: On the other hand there are also aggadot with a message of comfort and encouragement to the mourning and oppressed Jewish people, and also entire sections devoted to humorous stories, such as those depicting the cleverness of Jerusalemites in comparison with fabbah Athenians 1: The Midrash also contains many aggadot on the Ragbah Kokhba revolt 2: The Midrash also includes many Greek words, as also a complete sentence in Latin: Except for some later additions, the entire Midrash, including the proems, is a compilation redacted by a single redactor.
No sage later than the fourth century c. The list of kingdoms that subjugated the Jewish people concludes with “Edom Seir,” i. It is explicitly mentioned for the first time only in R.
Lamentations Rabbah |
lamentatiins In addition to availing himself of popular aggadotthe redactor made extensive use of homilies delivered in synagogues on the Ninth of Av. The scarcity of comforting aggadot is thus explained not only by the character of Lamentations but also by the prohibition of delivering comforting homilies on the Ninth of Av.
The work was first published at Pesaro in together with the Midrashim on the other four scrolls Song of SongsRuth, Ecclesiastes, Estheralthough they are not homogenous.
This edition became the basis of the many subsequent ones. Despite its defects and inaccuracies it represented at the time a considerable advance. Most of the manuscripts of the Midrash have not thus far been utilized. Transmitting Jewish Traditions74—; idem, in: Ginze Kedem—70; idem, in: Merkaz u-Tefuzah lamentafions, —58; G.
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The Structure Lamentations Rabbah is an exegetical Midrash which expounds the Book of Lamentations verse by verse, and sometimes word by word. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Rabvah Language Association http: