The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in Early in the season the National Incident Room was. northern hemisphere (November to April ). Between October and January , influenza was reported in Africa, the. This report summarises information on seasonal influenza rates in the EU/EEA for eight influenza seasons (– to –).
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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe. Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates in the EU Member States for eight influenza seasons: In Europe, influenza occurs in regular annual epidemics in the winter season.
Annual influenza epidemics are associated with high morbidity and mortality.
Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme,
Severe illness and complications are more common in certain risk groups, which include those with chronic medical conditions e. The main public health intervention to prevent influenza is vaccination. To protect vulnerable individuals and reduce transmission, vaccination is also recommended for healthcare workers.
The aim of this report was to summarise the information on seasonal influenza immunisation recommendations and vaccination coverage rates in the European Union EU and the European Economic Area EEA between — 08 and —15, a total of eight influenza seasons. A standardised questionnaire was developed for the first survey and made available online in January Overall, six surveys were conducted, with eight influenza seasons covered.
The participation rate was high for each survey, with only one or two countries not responding to any given survey. Over time, a growing number of countries lowered the recommended age for filuenza2007 influenza ifluenza207. All in all, 30 countries have lowered the recommended vaccination age at some point in time during the eight seasons covered in this report.
Six countries Hungary, Germany, Greece, Iceland, the Netherlands and Portugal recommended that people aged 60 years or older get vaccinated —15while for the —08 season, only three Iceland, Greece ifpuenza2007 Germany of 27 countries made such a recommendation.
Recommendations to vaccinate those 65 years or older were made by 18 countries in —15, and by 19 countries in — Two countries Poland and Malta recommended adult influenza vaccination for those aged 55 years and above in —08 and —15; Slovakia recommended vaccination for reoort 59 years of age or above for the —15 and the —08 seasons.
In —15, Austria, Belgium and Ireland recommended vaccination for those 50 years or older. In —08, Austria and Repory also recommended that this age group should be vaccinated. An increase in the number of countries recommending vaccination for children was noted. Nine countries Austria, Estonia, Finland, Malta, Latvia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Poland and United Kingdom recommended vaccination of different age groups of children and adolescents under 18 years of age in the —15 influenza season; for ifluenza200 —08 season, only six countries did so.
Similarly, an increase in the number of countries recommending influenza vaccine for healthcare workers HCWs was observed. Of 30 responding Member States, 29 recommended influenza vaccinations for HCWs in —15; 24 of these had recommendations in place to vaccinate all HCWs; ifluenza0207 recommended vaccination only for certain HCWs.
2007-08 U.S. INFLUENZA SEASON SUMMARY*
Of the 27 responding countries, 22 recommended that HCWs should be vaccinated for the —08 influenza season. All Member States recommended seasonal influenza vaccine for people with immunosuppression due to disease or treatment, metabolic disorders, chronic pulmonary diseases, cardiovascular diseases and renal diseases for six of the eight influenza seasons covered in this report. The number of countries that recommended influenza vaccination for people with morbid obesity increased nine Member States in —11, 19 in — Also on the increase are vaccination recommendations for hepatic diseases 15 Member States in —08, 27 in — Twenty-six Member States recommended vaccination for people with neurological diseases in —15 — Ten Member States recommended the vaccination of pregnant women in —11; in — 15, 27 Member States recommended influenza vaccination for pregnant women.
A decrease in the number of Member States recommending influenza vaccination for children under 18 years of age on long-term aspirin treatment was noted: Between —08 and —15, 26 Member States reported vaccination coverage rates for older populations for at least one season; coverage rates for this demographic ranged from 1.
Coverage for those with chronic medical conditions was provided by nine Member States and ranged from Seven Member States submitted coverage data for pregnant women: The predominant payment mechanism for influenza vaccinations, as reported by Member States, was through national health services or equivalent for those population groups for whom seasonal influenza vaccine was recommended children, adolescents, adults, those with chronic medical conditions, pregnant women, HCWs and members of closed communities.
In conclusion, the results of the VENICE surveys indicate that most of the Member States have clear recommendations as to which population groups should receive seasonal influenza vaccine, i.
Influenza (Flu) Season | CDC
However, there was a notable discrepancy between issuing recommendations and the ability to monitor and report vaccination coverage among those with chronic medical conditions and pregnant women: It is notable that more Members States were able to report on coverage in this and other risk groups. Another noticeable trend is the lowering of the recommended age for the influenza vaccine in older populations; there were no major changes in recommendations for children.
As the ability to monitor vaccination coverage is a key component of any vaccination programme, all Member States may need to reconsider their approach in order to collect more comprehensive and accurate information on vaccination coverage for all targeted population groups. Member States that do not monitor vaccination coverage among older age groups are encouraged to implement monitoring systems that are age-group-specific, in accordance with national recommendations, to enable them to track their progress or identify obstacles that keep them from achieving national and EU targets.
Seasonal influenza is a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms. It is caused by influenza virus and is easily transmitted, predominantly via the droplet and contact routes and by indirect spread from respiratory secretions on hands etc.
The influenza vaccination communication guidelines provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Igluenza2007 States. Ufluenza2007 influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease and annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. ECDC continues to emphasise that all Europeans who are recommended to have the influenza vaccine should get vaccinated.
Vaccination is especially important for people at higher risk of serious influenza complications: Individuals with specific chronic medical conditions, pregnant women, and children aged months, the elderly and healthcare workers.
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Read more Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe — Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for — Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe — Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for and See all updates on seasonal influenza immunisation News Influenza vaccination coverage rates insufficient across EU Member States news story – 18 Dec Event Flu Feport Week, 22 — 26 October News Low uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe may jeopardise capacity to protect people in next pandemic press release – 7 Feb Related diseases and public health areas.
Seasonal influenza Seasonal influenza is a preventable infectious disease with mostly respiratory symptoms. How to increase influenza vaccination uptake and promote preventive measures to limit its spread The influenza vaccination communication guidelines provide advice, guidance and campaign materials ifluenzs2007 support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose rwport increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.
Seasonal influenza vaccines Seasonal influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease and annual influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza.