The International Air Transport Association (IATA) supports aviation with global standards for airline safety, security, efficiency and sustainability. UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods RID , in French and German reference source: OTIF ICAO/ IATA Guidance Material for Transporting Persons Subjected to Radioactive Material Intake ( ). Hasel IATA / DGR Gefahrgutausbildung und Gefahrgutberatung – aktuelle LOGAR provides dangerous goods training and consulting for all modes of transport. The German DGSA act (Gefahrgutbeauftragtenverordnung, GbV) mandates ; however, the related responsibilities of course remain and may be split.
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Dangerous goods or hazardous goods are solidsliquidsor gases that can harm people, other living organismsproperty, or the environment. They are often subject to chemical regulations. Hazmat teams are personnel specially trained to handle dangerous goods, which include materials that are dutschflammableexplosivecorrosiveoxidizingasphyxiatingbiohazardoustoxicpathogenicor allergenic.
Also included are physical conditions such as compressed gases and liquids or hot materials, including all goods containing such materials or chemicals, or may have other characteristics that render them hazardous in specific circumstances.
In the United States, dangerous goods are often indicated by diamond-shaped signage on the item see NFPAits container, or the building where it is stored. The color of each diamond indicates its hazard, e. A nonflammable and nontoxic gas is indicated with green, because all compressed air vessels are this color in France after World War II, and France was where the diamond system of hazmat identification originated.
Mitigating the risks associated with hazardous materials may require the application of safety precautions during their transportuse, storage and disposal. Most countries regulate hazardous materials by law, and they are subject to several international treaties as well. Even so, different countries may use different class diamonds for the same product.
People who handle dangerous goods will often wear protective equipment, and metropolitan fire departments often have a response iat specifically trained to deal with accidents and spills. Persons who may come into contact with dangerous goods as part of their work are also often subject to monitoring or health surveillance to ensure that their exposure does not exceed occupational exposure limits.
Laws and regulations on the use and handling of hazardous materials may sgr depending on the activity and status of the material. For example, one set of requirements may apply to their use in the workplace while a different set of requirements may apply to spill response, sale for consumer use, or transportation.
Most cgr regulate some aspect of hazardous materials. The most widely applied regulatory scheme is that for the transportation of dangerous goods. The United Nations Economic and Social Council issues the UN Iaata on deutssch Transport of Dangerous Goodswhich form the basis for most regional, national, and international regulatory schemes.
For instance, the International Civil Aviation Organization has developed dangerous goods regulations for air transport of hazardous materials that are based upon the UN Model but modified to accommodate unique aspects of air transport. IMO member countries have also developed the HNS Convention to provide compensation in case of dangerous goods spills in the sea.
Many individual nations have also structured their dangerous goods transportation regulations to harmonize with the UN Model in organization as well as in specific requirements.
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals GHS is an internationally agreed upon system set to replace the various classification and labeling standards used in different countries.
GHS will use consistent criteria for classification and labeling on a global level.
ADR – Logar Günther Hasel Gefahrgutausbildung und Gefahrgutberatung
Dangerous goods are divided into nine classes in addition to several subcategories on the basis of the specific chemical characteristics producing the risk.
The graphics and text in this article representing the dangerous goods safety marks are derived from the United Nations-based system of identifying dangerous goods.
Some use graphic symbols, but without English wording or with similar wording in their national language. Refer to the Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations of the country of interest. For example, see the TDG Bulletin: The statement above applies equally to all the Dangerous Goods classes discussed in this article. For example, the Canadian Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations provides a description of compatibility groups.
For further details, check the Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations of the country of interest. The Australian Dangerous Goods Codeseventh edition complies with international standards of importation and exportation of dangerous goods in line with the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
Australia uses the standard international UN numbers with a few slightly deutscu signs on the back, front and sides of vehicles carrying hazardous substances. The country uses the same ” Hazchem ” code system as the UK to provide advisory information to emergency services personnel in the event of an emergency. New Zealand’s Land Transport Rule: Dangerous Goods and the Dangerous Goods Amendment describe the rules applied to the transportation of hazardous and dangerous goods in New Zealand.
The system closely follows the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods  and uses placards with Hazchem codes and UN number on packaging and the transporting vehicle’s exterior to convey information to emergency services personnel. Drivers that carry dangerous goods commercially, or carry quantities itaa excess of the rule’s guidelines must obtain a D dangerous goods endorsement on their driver’s licence. Drivers carrying quantities of goods under the rule’s guidelines and for recreational or domestic purposes do not need any special endorsements.
Transportation of dangerous goods hazardous materials in Canada by road is normally a provincial jurisdiction. The federal government acting centrally created the kata transportation of dangerous goods act and regulations, which provinces adopted in whole or in part via provincial transportation of dangerous goods legislation. The result is that all provinces use the federal regulations as their standard within their province; some small variances can exist because of provincial legislation.
Creation of the federal regulations was coordinated by Transport Canada. Hazard classifications are based upon the UN Model. The province of Nova Scotia’s dangerous goods transportation act can be viewed here: Dangerous Goods Transportation Act.
The province of Nova Scotia’s dangerous goods transportation regulations can be viewed here: Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations.
The federal government’s Transport Dangerous Goods website is located here: Transportation of Dangerous Goods. Outside of federal facilities, labour standards are generally under the jurisdiction of individual provinces and territories.
The European Union has passed numerous directives and regulations to avoid the dissemination and restrict the usage of hazardous substances, important ones being the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive and dgg REACH regulation.
European law distinguishes clearly between the law of dangerous goods and the law of hazardous materials. The first refers primarily to the transport of the respective goods including the interim storage, if caused by the transport. Izta latter describes the requirements of storage including warehousing and usage of hazardous materials. This distinction is important, because different directives and orders of European law are applied.
The United Kingdom and also AustraliaMalaysiaand New Zealand use iaat Hazchem warning plate system which carries information on how an emergency service should deal with an incident.
The Dangerous Goods Emergency Action Code List EAC lists dangerous goods; it is reviewed every two years and is an essential compliance document for all emergency services, local government and for those who may control the planning for, and prevention of, emergencies involving dangerous goods.
Due to the increase in the threat of terrorism in the early 21st century after the September 11, attacksfunding for greater hazmat-handling capabilities was increased throughout the United Statesrecognizing that flammable, poisonous, explosive, or radioactive substances in particular could be used for terrorist attacks. The Environmental Protection Agency EPA regulates hazardous materials as they may impact the community and environment, including specific regulations for environmental cleanup and for handling and disposal of waste hazardous materials.
For instance, transportation of hazardous materials is regulated by the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was also passed to further protect human and environmental health.
The Consumer Product Safety Commission regulates hazardous materials that may be used in products sold for household and other consumer uses. Following the UN Model, the DOT divides regulated hazardous materials into nine classes, some of which are further subdivided.
Hazardous materials in transportation must be placarded detsch have specified packaging and labelling. Some materials must always be placarded, others may only require placarding in certain circumstances. Trailers of goods in dgrr are usually marked with a four digit UN number. This number, along with standardized logs of hazmat information, can be referenced by first responders firefighterspolice officersand ambulance personnel who can detsch information about the material in the Emergency Response Guidebook.
Different standards usually apply for handling and marking hazmats at fixed facilities, including NFPA diamond markings a consensus standard often adopted by local governmental jurisdictionsOSHA regulations requiring chemical safety information for employees, and CPSC requirements requiring informative labeling for the public, as well as wearing hazmat suits when handling hazardous materials.
Packing groups are used for deutssch purpose of determining the degree of protective packaging required for Dangerous Goods during transportation. A license or permit card for hazmat training must be presented when requested by officials. Dangerous goods shipments also require a special declaration form prepared by the shipper. Among the information that is generally required includes the shipper’s name and address; the consignee’s name and address; descriptions of each of the dangerous goods, along with their quantity, classification, and packaging; and emergency contact information.
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