Arendt_Hannah_Origens_do_totalitarismo_pdf (file size: MB, MIME type: application/pdf). Expand view. Hannah Arendt, Origens. The Origins of Totalitarianism is a book by Hannah Arendt, wherein she describes and analyzes Nazism and Stalinism, the major totalitarian political. A partir da análise de Origens do Totalitarismo, de , e de Eichmann em Na análise do caso Eichmann, Arendt percebeu que o réu agia banalmente, VRXNL/ Q‰gld1 Hannah Arendt e a banalidade do mal.
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The Origins of Totalitarianism is a book by Hannah Arendtwherein she describes and analyzes Nazism and Stalinismthe totalitarisjo totalitarian political movements of the first half of the 20th century.
The book is regularly listed as one of the best non-fiction books of the 20th century. The book has three sections: Antisemitism, Imperialism, and Totalitarianism. Arendt begins the book with an analysis totalitarismi the rise of antisemitism in Europe, particularly focusing on the Dreyfus affair.
Arendt traces the roots of modern imperialism to the accumulation of excess capital in European nation-states during the 19th century. This capital required overseas investments outside of Europe to be productive and political orihens had to be expanded overseas to protect the investments.
The Origins of Totalitarianism – Wikipedia
She then examines “continental imperialism” pan-Germanism and pan-Slavism and the emergence of “movements” substituting themselves to the political parties. These movements are hostile to the state and antiparliamentarist and gradually institutionalize anti-Semitism and other kinds of racism.
Arendt concludes that while Italian Fascism was a hannha authoritarian movement, Nazism and Stalinism were totalitarian movements that sought to eliminate all restraints totaliitarismo the power of the movement.
The book’s final section is devoted to describing the mechanics of origebs movements, focusing on Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Here, Arendt discusses the transformation of classes into masses, the role of propaganda in dealing with the non-totalitarian world, and the use of terror, essential to this form of government. Totalitarian movements are fundamentally different from autocratic regimes, says Arendt, insofar as autocratic regimes seek only to gain absolute political power arndt to outlaw opposition, while totalitarian regimes seek to dominate every aspect of everyone’s life as a prelude to world domination.
Intellectual, spiritual, and artistic initiative is as dangerous to totalitarianism as the gangster initiative of the mob, and both are more dangerous than mere political opposition.
The consistent persecution of every higher form of intellectual activity by the new mass leaders springs from more than their natural resentment against everything they cannot understand.
Arendt Hannah Origens Do Totalitarismo 1989
Total domination does totalitarisno allow for free initiative in any field of life, for any activity that is not entirely predictable. Totalitarianism in power invariably replaces all first-rate talents, regardless of their sympathies, with those crackpots and fools whose lack of intelligence and creativity is still the best guarantee of their loyalty.
Arendt discusses the use of front organizations, fake governmental agencies, and esoteric arendy as a means of concealing the radical nature of srendt aims from the non-totalitarian world.
A final section added to the second edition of the book in suggests that individual isolation and loneliness are preconditions for totalitarian domination. This commentary on Marxism has indicated concerns with the limits of totalitarian perspectives often associated with Marx’s apparent over-estimation of the emancipatory potential of the forces of production. Habermas arendg this critique in his writings on functional reductionism in the life-world in his Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason.
I do not believe in such an autonomy. Precisely for this reason, the laws governing the economic system are no longer identical to the ones Marx analyzed. Of course, this does not mean that it would be wrong to analyze the mechanism which drives the economic system; but in order for the orthodox version of such an analysis to be valid, the influence of the political system would have to be ignored.
Le Monde placed the book among the best books of any kind of the 20th century, while the National Review ranked it 15 on its list of arendy best non-fiction books of the century.
The book has also attracted criticism. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Origins of Totalitarianism The edition. Germany portal Books portal Communism portal Fascism portal.
The Origins of Totalitarianism. Retrieved 11 March Power Revolution Totalitarianism Violence Moral philosophy.