Max Weber – Etica Protestanta si Spiritul Uploaded by roma_nia .. Henri Bergson – Cele doua surse ale moralei si Uploaded by. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism has ratings and reviews. Max Weber ( – ),escreveu “A Ética Protestante e o Espírito do argumentarea lui Weber e un vîrtej în care te pierzi și nu mai înțelegi nimic . Title, Etica protestantă şi spiritul capitalismului. Author, Max Weber. Publisher, Humanitas, ISBN, , Length, pages.
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The Protestajta ethic – a moral code stressing hard work, rigorous self-discipline, and the organization of one’s life in the service of God – was made famous by sociologist and political economist Max Weber. In this brilliant study his best-known and most controversialhe opposes the Marxist concept of dialectical materialism and its view that change takes place through “the struggle of opposites. Weber’s classic study has long been required reading in college and advanced high school social studies classrooms.
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Tags HistoryReligionEconomy. Description The Protestant ethic – a moral code stressing hard work, rigorous self-discipline, and the organization of one’s life in the service of God – was made famous by sociologist and political economist Max Weber.
User reviews LibraryThing member ecw For years we have been assaulted by capitapismului and religious leaders preaching the Christian “work ethic,” yet I find little justification, if any, for the concept anywhere in the New Testament. First published init provoked considerable controversy. Weber’s thought was grounded in a belief that history is of critical portance to the social sciences and that material factors had enormous influence upon the course of history — I didn’t know any of this, I’m stealing it from the introduction.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber
Weber was very critical of Marxism, but shared with Marx a concern for the evolution of capitalismukui capitalism. In the first few chapters, Weber defines what he means by capitalism.
It’s not just the pursuit of wealth that has been common to numerous cultures, but is an activity associated with the rational organization of formally free labor his italics. Capitalism requires an organized labor force and a ready source of investment capital.
Some of these factors were not present in Hindu and Confucian societies. Hinduism, in particular its tradition of caste, prevented the ready organization of the labor force. Also, its emphasis on asceticism focused toward the otherworldly and afterlife, and tended to accentuate the non-material. Trade was highly developed in China as in India, but Confucianism permitted a more material focus. The Calvinist ethic combined Judaism’s “ethical prophecy” that encouraged emulation of the prophet with the eastern traditions to form a philosophy of reformation, i.
The development of the Western city was also important because they provided the foundation for political autonomy and the creation of a bourgeois society. Eastern civilizations were hampered by strong kinship relationships that crossed the agrarian-urban boundaries which tied the cities more firmly to an capktalismului tradition. The problem that Weber articulates is that the Puritan wanted to work in a calling, for his salvation. That “work capitalismhlui was harnessed by capitalism because we have to work, the sale of our labor being the only means to material satisfaction.
Even now, this is a profoundly interesting and detailed book, being the foundation of economic sociology, and is of considerable use today.
Etica protestanta si spiritul capitalismului by Robert Adrian on Prezi
The main thesis is that several Christian denominations, mainly Calvinists, etc. Hence the Protestant Work Ethic – a religiously sanctioned form of capitalism. As the prominence of religion waxed and waned in the centuries after reformation, and organized churches played less eyica a role in public life, the spirit of this work ethic still remained in many Anglo-Saxon countries.
Ca;italismului course, prorestanta Protestantism was not the only factor, but Weber theorizes it as the foremost factor. It’s interesting to see how parts of this doctrine have mutated into parodies of their past selves, with the ‘prosperity gospel’ preached by some, the link between religion and capitalism in modern America, among other outreaches.
Although some of the connections between events are rather tenuous, it is still very interesting to think about, and one crucial to modern economic, historical, and sociological debate. When feudalism broke down in the Late Middle Ages, Weber argues, the capitalism that emerged in its place was an entirely new ethos, accompanied by a peculiar Puritan ethic that dignified the accumulation of wealth as a sign of divine favor. The “spirit” of capitalism was distinct from the impulse to acquisition, which was nothing new in the dapitalismului century.
It was the pursuit of perpetually-renewed profit, for its own sake, above and beyond the satisfaction of traditional human needs. But what was driving this pursuit of perpetual profits? The religious concept of “calling,” says Weber, the idea eitca worldly activity is morally good if it is what God has called us to do. This concept contrasted with earlier Christian renunciation of worldly affairs in zpiritul of monastic contemplation of Capitalismulji.
Just as worldly wealth was a sign of God’s favor, poverty became shameful, indicating rejection of God’s capitalidmului. The unequal distribution of the goods of this world was ordained by God’s inscrutable Providence, said Calvinists. Therefore charity became meaningless, in sharp contrast to the teachings of St. Paul, who called it the greatest of virtues. Said John Wesley, “We must exhort all Christians to gain all they can, and to save all they can; that is, in effect, to grow rich.
The socio-economic preconditions for capitalism existed in other parts of the world, argues Weber; why did it arise only in the Protestant West?
His thesis has long been controversial, but its relevance to current events makes it worthy of consideration.
Weber’s sociological magnum opus on the relationship between Protestantism, specifically Calvinism and Puritanism, and the development of the capitalistic spirit in the West. He goes through all of his evidence thoroughly; between the text and the notes it is often easy to feel lost in the ocean of detail in terms of the history of the Protestant sects he describes.
The evidence is necessary to develop and support his thesis: One of those books you just have to read. For wealth in itself was the temptation. But here asceticism was power “which ever seeks the good but ever creates evil'” what was evil in its sense was possession and it temptations.
For, in conformity with the Old Testament and its analogy to the ethical valuation of good works, asceticism looked upon the pursuit of wealth as an end in itself as highly reprehensible; but the attainment of it as a fruit of labor in a calling was a sign of God’s blessing.
And even more important: It is a fascinating essay and a great education in only pages! Every student should read this book. This book can explain why our world is the way it is.
This early book was Weber’s great mistake. It is an assembly of sporitul in method, including confusing cause and effect. It is a case study in how not to do social science. Fortunately he recovered from this early failure. An exemplary and easy-to-grasp analysis using Weber’s not-so-simple interpretive methodology, but ultimately not as theoretically rigorous as Economy and Society.
Weber’s position as the founder of sociology makes the work an importqant reading to the study of capatalism and the ideas of economics. A great number of he details and references that he provides are also worthwhile. The bad news is that this is very much a German academic work. cxpitalismului
Max Weber Etica Protestanta Si Spiritul Capitalismului Humanitas 2003
This means that a serious reading is really a slog through those footnotes and somwhat heavy reading. If you are less than a serious student, you might prefer one of the summaries of Weber’s work, or a book about him.
Other necessary critism is that repeated by many that believed that capitalism started earlier than his industrial revolution and their disagreement with his relying so strongly on the labor theory of value. Last but not least his conclusions about necessary social adjuncts e.
Capitalism Religious aspects Protestant churches. Economics Religious aspects Christianity. Christianity Today’s Books of the Century. Original publication date Similar in this library Conditia umana by Hannah Arendt. Originile totalitarismului by Hannah Arendt.