A bacchanale is an orgiastic musical composition (Kennedy ), often depicting a drunken John Cage wrote a Bacchanale in , his first work for prepared piano (Pritchett and Kuhn ). The French composer Jacques Ibert was. Composed in for a choreography by the American dancer Syvilla Fort, this was the first piece Cage composed for prepared piano. Cage. Documents Similar To John Cage Bacchanale for Prepared Cage prepared piano. Uploaded by. solitasolfa · Vox Balaenae Score. Uploaded by. erin.

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American avant-garde composer John Cage — started composing pieces for solo prepared piano around — The majority of early works for this instrument were created to accompany dances by Cage’s various collaborators, most frequently Merce Cunningham. In response to frequent criticisms of prepared piano, Cage cited numerous predecessors such as Henry Cowell.

In the liner notes for the very first recording of his most highly acclaimed work for prepared piano, Sonatas and InterludesCage wrote: I’m only being practical. It should be noted that all of Cage’s indeterminate works for cagge forces the Variations series, Fontana Mix, Cartridge Music, etc. In interviews conducted in andCage specified that this piece was composed in The room where the dance was to be performed was not large enough to allow for a bachanale ensemble, but had enough space for a grand piano.

Cage decided to try placing various objects on the strings of the instrument in order to produce percussive sounds, inspired by Ccage Cowell ‘s experiments with extended piano techniques. In Cage mentioned that the whole piece was completed in just three days. In the score, in 11 cases out of 12, the performer is instructed to “determine position and size of mutes by experiment.

Composed in for a dance by Merce Cunningham. Eleven notes are prepared, eight of them by screws. Composed in for a dance by Valerie Bettis. Ten individual notes are prepared, mostly with small screws, and a whole range from G1 to C3 is prepared using “two thicknesses of woolen material”.

This material is placed between the strings in the following manner: Composed in for a dance by Wilson Williams. Thirteen notes are prepared, all using screws or bolts. Composed in late for a dance by Merce Cunningham.

Piano preparation involves only screws or bolts. Various extended techniques are used, such as producing sound by plucking strings. The piece starts with quiet, muted tones and gradually becomes louder, climaxing in several successions of large tone clustersexecuted using the entire length of the forearm. Composed in for a dance by Pearl Primus.

Piano preparation involves bamboo strips, as well as screws and nuts. The music and the dance were to be accompanied by a speaker reading a poem by Langston Hughes about the condition of Black people in the United States. Composed inoriginally conceived as the third part of She Is Asleep see below. May be performed with or without preparations, which involve 11 notes.


Most are to be prepared using bolts, one new material is a penny. The music is written down on a single staff and follows the structure 4, 7, 2, 5, 4, 7, 2, 3, 5 numbers denote the number of bars dedicated to a particular part of the sectionrepeated twice. Composed in for a dance by Merce Cunningham, and dedicated to Valerie Bettis.

Only eight notes are prepared, mostly with weather strippings. The two heavily prepared notes are only used for a trill at the very end of the work.

A suite of three pieces, composed in The title references Cage’s separation from his wife Xenia, which happened in A very short work that only uses four tones. A work in three sections: According to Cunningham, the subject of the work is fear: Written entirely on a single staff, primarily scored as a single melodic line.

This work, composed inis a revision of a piano piece titled Triple-Paced. The version was choreographed by Merce Cunningham.

This is Cage’s first large-scale work for prepared piano. Twenty-six notes are prepared with various materials. The piece contains six separate sections with different rhythmic structures. According to Cage, The Perilous Night expresses “the loneliness and terror that comes to one when love becomes unhappy”. Gacchanale is another large-scale work with moderately complex piano preparation, involving 27 notes. Composed in for a dance by Jean Erdman.

Thirty-nine notes are prepared. The film contains several segments designed by different artists, and Cage’s bacchnale was composed for a segment designed by Marcel Duchamp. These are designs painted on flat cardboard circles, which are to be spun on a phonographic turntable.

The global structure is 11×11 eleven sections of eleven bars eachthe rhythmic proportion is 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1. This piece is one of the first to explore the idea of silence systematically: A cycle of 20 short works 16 sonatas and 4 interludes composed in — Dedicated to pianist Maro Ajemian. This is Cage’s most famous work for prepared piano, [21] baccanale and also the most complex: The pieces express the eight “permanent” emotions the humorous, the wondrous, the erotic, the heroic, anger, fear, disgust and sorrow and their common tendency toward tranquility.

The idea of the film was suggested by Burgess Meredithwhom Calder met in spring The decision to ask Matter to direct was Calder’s: Bacchanale recorded the sounds of Calder’s studio while the sculptor was working — mobiles cagw into one another, etc.

Composed in November first piece and January second piece. Both pastorales use chance operations applied using charts of layers, sounds, durations, etc.

Because the number of layers was smaller than in the latter work specifically, there are just two layersthe texture of Two Pastorales is thinner, with long silences between notes. Extended techniques are used: Composed inthis work is one of the so-called “time length” pieces, in which the title refers to the length of the work. The piece was composed using chance operations and written down in proportional graphic notation.

Piano preparation is defined only by specifying the strings to be prepared and the materials to be used, the actual choice of objects and their position on the strings is left to the performer. This piece was composed for David Tudor and is very difficult to play; its companion piece, 31′ Both works may be performed solo or together with other “time length” compositions.


A companion piece to 34′ The rhythmic structure is also identical to 34′ It was Cage’s first work written on request from professional performers.

The music makes much use of scales and arpeggios and features much virtuosic writing. According to Cage, this was inspired by his ideas on Mozart’s music, which “strictly adheres to three different kinds of scales: A change in the tempo causes a change in the proportion.

John Cage debuts his “prepared piano” in Seattle on April 28, –

This work is similar in style large-scale virtuosic writing and technique rhythmic proportions dependent on the tempo to A Book of Music and too was commissioned by Fitzdale and Gold. This piece is scored for various percussion instruments and piano. The score instructs the performer to insert a screw and a strip of cardboard between several strings, [37] but the piano part is written essentially for the string piano technique.

The rhythmic proportions — 16 groups of 16 bars divided 4, 3, 4, 5 — are defined in the score, but the music doesn’t always rely on them. An unfinished suite of different pieces, composed in The two completed movements are: The proportion is 4, 7, 2, 5; 4, 7, 2, 3, 5 and it affects only the microstructure of the pieces. Composed in early after Cage moved to New York City, as a concert piece.

Choreographed by Merce Cunningham in Amores contains four movements:. Eighteen notes are prepared using 9 screws, 8 bolts, 2 nuts and 3 strips of rubber.


Similarly to Bacchanalethe performer is instructed in the score to “determine position and size of mutes by experiment”. The structure of the second movement, for example, is based bar units each divided into four sections: Composed in —44 for a choreography by Hanya Holm. The four dances are:.

The work is scored bcachanale a prepared piano and a chamber orchestra and was written using the gamut technique Cage developed in String Quartet in Four Parts Independently created sonorities single notes, chords, aggregates are arranged into rectangular charts; the music is composed by tracing geometric patterns on them. The piano part develops from free composition movement 1 to following the orchestra using a parallel chart movement 2 and then to sharing bqcchanale same chart with the orchestra movement 3.

Piano preparation in the Concerto is rather bacchanxle and involves, among other things, a moveable plastic bridge that makes possible microtonal effects. Composed in for a dance by Marie Marchowsky. Bacchansle Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sonatas and InterludesComposers Recordings Inc.

John Cage’s Theatre Pieces: Notations and Performancesp. A Catalogue of His Workp. A Biographyp.