Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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Busseola fusca Adult moth, wingspan 39 mm. Maize, Sorghum Alternative hosts: Sugarcane, Many species of grasses and cereals. Between and meters above sea level, with increasing importance at the higher altitudes. bhsseola
Factsheet – Busseola fusca (Fuller, ) – African Maize Stalkborer
The eggs are white first, but they turn darker when they get older. They are globular and about 1 mm in diameter.
Eggs are laid in a long column stretching up the stem, under a leaf sheath. They hatch after about 10 days.
Emergence hole in the stem, made by caterpillar of stalk borer. The young larvae are deep purple or black in colour.
They crawl up the plant into the funnel. The early stages of the caterpillars feed on the leaves in the funnel of the plant.
When the attack is severe, the shoot may turn yellow and die. If the plant dies, the caterpillars will move to another plant.
If the plant survives, the later stages of the caterpillar will bore into the stem and feed there on the central tissue of the stem. The larval period takes 35 days or more.
When fully grown the caterpillars are up to 40 mm long. They have a pinkish white colour and small black spots along the sides of the body. The mature caterpillar cuts a hole in bussoela stem before pupating within the tunnel.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)