Mit der AO-Fraktur-Klassifikation des Erwachsenen konnten zwar auch bezüglich kindlicher Frakturen Erkenntnisse gewonnen werden, dennoch ist diese. Hundreds of surgical procedures, reductions, fixations and approaches. Surgical decision making made easy with literature evaluated and prepared for quick. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , Steffen Breusch and others published AO-Klassifikation der Frakturen langer Röhrenknochen.
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Calcaneus – AO Surgery Reference
Fracture classification assumes an understanding of major fracture displacements and fragments that are commonly observed. Primary intraarticular fracture line shown in a superior a and lateral b view of the calcaneus. It divides the calcaneus into an anteromedial fragment red and a posterolateral fragment blue. This fracture usually crosses the posterior articular surface. Essex-Lopresti differentiated joint depression patterns and tongue-type fractures, depending on the exit point of the secondary fracture line.
In tongue-type patterns, a variable portion of the posterior articular surface remains in continuity with the tuberosity fragment. Secondary intraarticular fracture lines green kladsifikation on a superior c and lateral view d.
The Sanders CT classification is based on the location and number of fracture lines of the posterior articular surface as demonstrated by the coronal images at the widest part of the calcaneus. The OTA Classification is comprehensive and includes a description of both intraarticular and extraarticular fractures.
An AO classification for calcaneal fractures has been developed by the foot expert group and is olassifikation being tested for its practicability. Significant soft-tissue swelling is common and related to a combination of forces producing the injury and the persisting fracture displacement.
In highly displaced tongue-type patterns, the posterior skin may be severely compromised due to pressure from the posterior calcaneal tuberosity, which is pulled proximally by the Achilles tendon. Similarly, in displaced joint depression patterns, the fracture displacements may produce significant medial skin tension resulting in klassifkation skin blister.
Clin Orthop Relat Res ; J Orthop Trauma ; 13 2: J Orthop Trauma; 15 4: J Orthop Trauma ; 13 5: J Orthop Trauma ; 13 1: Orthop Clin North Am ; 32 1: J Orthop Trauma; 11 6: Foot Ankle Int ; 27 3: Foot Ankle Int ; 19 Results in cases. J Orthop Trauma ; 18 1: J Orthop Trauma ; 17 2: J Orthop Trauma ; 13 8: Results using a prognostic computed tomography scan classification.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 84 Foot Ankle Int ; 22 Foot Ankle Int ; 17 Klassifiation Bone Joint Surg Am ; 52 5: Foot Ankle ; 4 2: A study on the relationship to experimental talar fractures. Acta Orthop Scand ; 46 6: J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 86 klassufikation J Orthop Trauma ; 18 5: J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 86 8: J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 85 9: J Orthop Trauma ; 16 4: Unfallchirurg klassfikation Heft Its effect on the position of the foot and on subtalar motion. J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 78 Foot Ankle Int ; 21 Classification Fracture classification assumes an understanding of major fracture displacements and fragments that are commonly observed.
Bibliography  Myerson M, Manoli A Compartment syndromes of the foot after al fractures. Links to other chapters Fractures of the calcaneus – Assessment of fractures and soft tissues Fractures of the calcaneus – Classification Fractures of the calcaneus – Surgical anatomy Fractures of the calcaneus – Preoperative planning Fractures of the calcaneus – Pitfalls, complications and outcomes.