Abies guatemalensis, first described in by Alfred Rehder (–), is commonly known as Guatemalan or Pashaque fir in the English. Abies guatemalensis is an evergreen tree with horizontal branches and a conical crown growing 20 – 45 metres tall. The bole can be 60 – 90cm in diameter[. Abies guatemalensis is an endemic conifer from the upper montane forests of Central America. In Guatemala, A. guatemalensis has long been exploited for.

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Note the foliage emerging from the tip of two of the cones, a rare condition in firs but one that reminds us that the seed cone is, evolutionarily, a highly modified shoot in which bracts represent the leaves [F. Synonymy for the type Farjon Trees up to 45 m tall and cm dbh.

[Plants associated to Abies guatemalensis (Pinaceae) forests in Western Guatemala].

Primary branches horizontal branches. Bark black-brown, divided into plates.

Branchlets red-brown to deep black-red, pubescent. Buds globular-ovoid, resinous, to 5 mm long. Seeds light brown, to 9 mm long, wing to 15 mm long” Dallimore et al. Flowers May-June Macvean This has the most southerly distribution of any species in the genus Donahue et al.


Distribution data from GBIF. Click on guatemalnesis occurrence for further information.

It is a mountain species, associated primarily with Pinus ayacahuiteP. Although remaining stands are protected and cutting is prohibited, its distribution is limited by exploitation Macveanincluding cutting for construction, firewood and charcoal Donahue et al. Hardy to Zone 9 cold hardiness limit between Commercial harvest of fir branches is prohibited and punishable under Guatemala’s Forestry Lawbut the high demand for fir branches during Christmas encourages people to illegally harvest this species.

They recommend collecting cones from November through January, when the cones are nearly mature as shown by purple-green color and the appearance of resin drops. Fully ripe cones quickly disintegrate. To mature cones, keep them in shade for 8 weeks and extract seed.

Abies guatemalensis

Six hours exposure to sunlight dries the seeds enough to allow long-term storage. Seeds averageper kg. Notable pests afflicting this species include bark beetles Dendroctonus spp. Guauhitemala, Lugar de bosques. Guatemala [cited in ParksWatch ]. A field guide guatemalenssi forest insects and diseases of the prairie provinces.


Abies guatemalensis – Useful Tropical Plants

Macvean, Ana Lucrecia E. Species description in the Tropical Tree Seed Manual. The firs of Mexico and Guatemala.

Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Two new species of Abies Pinaceae from western Mexico. Back Site map Contact us. Edited by Christopher J. Earle About Chris Earle.

Guatemalan Fir – Global Trees

Species Topics Bookstore Links Contact. Cone on Guatemalan fir at the above location [V. Crowns of trees in habitat, El Salvador [F. Seed with attached wing [F.

Bark on tree in habitat [F. Twig with upper surface of foliage [F.

Twig with lower surface of foliage [F. Earle About Chris Earle Back to top.