The Intel (or i) Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI) chip was developed and .. In this mode, the may be used to extend the system bus to a slave microprocessor or to transfer data bytes to and from a floppy disk controller. PPI is a general purpose programmable I/O device designed to by interfacing with microprocessor · I/O Interface (Interrupt and DMA Mode). Direct memory access with DMA controller / Step After accepting the DMA service request from the DMAC, the CPU will send hold Interface with microprocessor for 1’s and 2’s complement of a number · Parallel .
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These are the active-low and high inactive DMA acknowledge lines, which updates the peripheral requesting device service about the status of their request ckntroller the CPU.
These lines can also act as strobe lines for the requesting devices. It is specially designed by Intel for data transfer at the highest speed.
As seen in the above diagram these are the four individual asynchronous channel DMA request inputs, which are used by the peripheral devices to obtain DMA services. When the rotating priority mode is selected, then DRQ0 will get the highest priority and DRQ3 will get the lowest priority among them. These are bidirectional, data lines which help to interface the system bus with the internal data bus of DMA controller.
In the Slave mode, command words are carried to and status words from In the master mode, the lines which are used to send higher byte of conrtoller generated address are sent to the latch. It is an active-low bidirectional tri-state input line, which helps to dja the internal registers of by the CPU in the Slave mode. In the master mode, it also helps in reading the data from the peripheral devices during a memory write cycle.
Microprocessor DMA Controller
In the master mode, it is used to load the data to the peripheral devices during DMA memory read cycle. These are the four least significant address lines.
In the slave mode, they perform as an input, which selects one of the registers to be read or written.
In the cpntroller mode, they are the outputs which contain four least significant memory address output lines produced by It is an active-low chip select line. It is an active-high asynchronous input signal, which helps DMA to make ready by inserting wait states. This signal helps to receive the hold request signal sent from the output device. In the slave mode, it is connected with a DRQ input line It is the hold acknowledgement signal which indicates the DMA controller that the bus has been granted to the requesting peripheral by the CPU when it is set to 1.
It is the low memory read signal, which is used to read the data from the addressed memory locations during DMA read cycles. It is the active-low three state signal which is used to write the data to the addressed memory location during DMA write operation. This signal is used to convert the higher byte of the memory address generated by the DMA controller into the latches.
The mark will be activated after each cycles or integral multiples of it from the beginning.
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Intel A Programmable Peripheral Interface
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Microprocessor – 8257 DMA Controller
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