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Within a half hour, the feet and hands were numb and sensitivity of the fingertips had disappeared: Santiago y el mito de Illapa. At about nine-thirty, I fell into a fitful sleep which continued, with frequent awakenings, until morning.

There are vague reports that nutmeg is snuffed as an intoxicant in the hinterlands of Indonesia, and that in Egypt it is sometimes taken as a substitute for hashish. Macroscopia is frequent and enters into Waika beliefs about the spirits that dwell in the plant. His powerful and martial image immediately fascinates the natives who take possession of this Saint transforming him from Indian-slayer into a protector of Indians themselves.

Glottolog – Allentiac

Only a lengthy consideration of hemp can do it justice. Despite its great huarprs as one of man’s principal narcotics and its use by millions in many cultures the world around, Cannabis is characterized more by what we do not know about it than what we know. An unidentified alkaloid has been isolated from seeds of Rhynchosia pyramidalis.

There is, however, still much disagreement in these aspects of the morphology of the plant because of the botanical observations on material from wide areas of the world and on a large selection of “races” Many organic compounds have been isolated from Cannabis resin, some of which appear to possess narcotic properties, incios devoid of euphoric activity.

Sophora secundiflora Sophora secundiflora is a beautiful shrub – often planted as an ornamental in Texas – with leathery, evergreen undios and large inflorescences of violet or violet-blue flowers and woody legumes containing usually three or four beans. Ginger family Zingiberaceae Kaempferia Galanga Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen.

Flourishing especially in disturbed, nitrogen-rich wastelands near human habitation, it occurs widely in temperate and hot drier areas of both hemispheres and seems to be unhappy only in the coldest zones and the hottest humid tropics.

Cannabis supplies the drug of the poor in India, where, in huarpex to its religious use, it is highly valued in folk medicine and as an aphrodisiac; and, hedonistically, as an euphoric narcotic, especially in activities requiring endurance or physical effort. Almost nothing is known about the psychotomimetic use of this plant, imdios no investigation of a possible narcotic chemical constituent has apparently been made.


The pupils were strongly dilated during the first few hours of the intoxication. Al mismo tiempo, pero, notamos un hecho de singular importancia. Nothing more is known of this curious custom. Then the sorcerer blows ibdios little of the powder through a reed Some evidence suggests that vilca may have been employed in forms other than as snuff.

Los ancianos decidieron cambiar de lugar, pero adondequiera que fueran, la serpiente los encontraba. In thirteenth century Asia Minor, the hashishins were political murderers who, excited to their nefarious work by taking large doses of huareps, would carry out murder for pay; from this Arabic term comes the word assassin.

No other species, however, has apparently been employed inidos narcotic purposes. Virola calophylloidea Markgraf These natives strip the bark from jungle trees undios in the morning and scrape off the soft inner bark, with its resinous exudation.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

Even to-day, amongst the Kiowa, Comanche, and other tribes, the leader or ” roadman ” of the peyote ceremony often wears, as part of his ornamental dress, a necklace of Sophora secundiflora beans.

These natives strip the bark from jungle trees early in the morning and scrape off the soft inner bark, with its resinous exudation. It is now known only by its Portuguese name rape dos indios”Indian snuff”. The ceremony formerly was performed especially before going to war. It seems that one of the most extraordinarily mistaken generalizations in ethnobotany – that all the intoxicating snuffs of the Amazon that were not obviously tobacco must have been prepared from Anadenanthera peregrina – has stemmed from Bentham’s conclusion.

However, a fact of singular importance can be noted. Poco distante, en Timalchaca nuestro santo lleva el traje de alto oficial militar y monta siempre el caballo blanco, con el cual, en este caso, atropella al Diablo. The term vilca in modern Peru sometimes refers to Anadenanthera colubrinaalthough this or similar names signify a number of different plants in South America.

It must be recognized that this problem has arisen because of a confusion of concepts: Carpet weed family Aizoaceae Mesembryanthemum spp. It is eaten as a narcotic to-day in India by those who add it to the betel chew, and it may also be employed in India, mixed with tobacco, as a snuff.

There is, apparently, no record of the hallucinogenic use of Genista canariensis in the Old World. These are kneaded in water which, strained, is boiled down to a thick syrup.

When the bulb is rubbed on an incision made on the head of a tribesman, visual hallucinations are said to be induced.

This is a magical snuff used exclusively by witch-doctors and prepared from the bark of a certain tree which, pounded up, is boiled in a small earthenware pot, until all the water has evaporated, and a sediment remains at the bottom of the pot.


Olmedioperebea sclerophyllaa jungle tree, the fruits of which reputedly were the source of an intoxicating snuff employed formerly by Indians of the Pariana region of the central part of the Amazon Valley.

A shrub native to the dry limestone areas of the American Southwest and adjacent Mexico, Sophora secundiflora produces dark red seeds known as mescal beans, red beans or coral beans.

Unfortunately, no direct evidence connects the Hottentot kanna ijdios Mesembryanthemumjuarpes Lewin, doubting that these aizoaceous plants could produce the effects described, suggests that the narcotic in question must have been Cannabis sativato which the Hottentots were very habituated. Studies in depth huapres its utilization in less developed societies should shed much light on some of the problems resulting from its use and abuse in more advanced communities.

When taken orally, nutmeg, in doses of one teaspoonful or more, may induce hallucinations and other definitely huaepes syndromes in from two to five hours. More than two dozen other species of Mesembryanthemum are known to be alkaloidal.

One of the most widely known and most easily available plant hallucinogens is the well known spice, nutmeg. The centre of the use of Anadenanthera -snuff is, and probably always has been, the Orinoco basin, where it is widely known as yopo.

This potent hallucinating drink merits deeper study. Anadenanthera peregrina Indiox strongly hallucinogenic snuff, huarpez from beans of Anadenanthera peregrina more widely known as Piptadenia peregrinaguarpes employed in northern South America and was used in pre-colonial times in the West Indies. An early report of yopo amongst the Otomac Indians of the Orinoco basin is that found in Gumilla’s famous El Orinoco Ilustradofirst published in These two species have yielded an alkaloid, mesembrine, which has sedative, cocaine-like effects, producing torpour in man.

The strong headache lasted until noon. The handsome tropical tree, Myristica fragransnative to the East Indian archipelago, is the source of two spices – nutmeg and mace – respectively from the seed and aril of the beautiful fleshy drupe that resembles an apricot.

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Amongst the Kung tribe of Bushmen in Dobe, Botswana, this bulbous perennial, known locally as kwashiis said to have psychoactive properties. In Mexico, the vernacular name ibdios frijolito, frijolillo or colorines. A profuse sweating and what was probably a slight fever persisted throughout the night.