Etymology: From the Greek Hemi for half and the Latin Chorda a chord. Characteristics of Hemichordata: 1)Bilaterally symmetrical. 2)Body has more than two. The Hemichordata share some characters, such as pharyngeal gill slits or pores, that have been shown to be homologous with those of chordates. However. The Hemichordata are soft-bodied, worm-like marine organisms which are often The Hemichordata share characteristics with both the Chordata (their name.

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Phylum Hemichordata

The two classes share some attributes but are quite different in others. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hemichordata.

The phylogenetic position of the pterobranch hemichordates based on 18S rDNA sequence data. The colony has a thin horizontal branching tube called a coenecium from which short erect tubes arise, each containing a zooid.

Platyhelminthes flatworms Gastrotricha hairybacks.

Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Commons category link is on Wikidata.

The trunk is short and sac like rather than being long and thin, and the digestive tract is U-shaped.

The blood is colourless and has no respiratory pigments. From the first dawn of life, all organic beings are found to resemble each characteristocs in descending degrees, so they can be classed in groups under groups. However modern science has proven that none of them posses a post anal tail or a notochord and they have been allocated to charatceristics phylum of their own.


The basic body plan is tripartite in three sections. Cycliophora Symbion Annelida ringed worms.

This class is represented by a few small charactersitics, transparent and pelagic larvae, supposed to be specialised tornaria of some unknown hemichordate Planctosphaera pelagica. Sexes are separate, each has a pair of gonads opening by separate gonopores situated dorsally on the front part of the trunk.

The Phylum Hemichordata

The trunk is the longest part of the animal. Charscteristics macromeres give rise to the posterior larval ectoderm and the vegetal micromeres give rise to the internal endomesodermal tissues. Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, Chapter The proboscis is modified into into a shield which secretes the collagenous burrow in those species that live in one.

The pterobranchs are sedentary, tube-dwelling animals having a short body measuring about mm in length. Collar slightly overhangs the beginning of the trunk covering first three or four pairs of gill- pores. Phyllograptus typus Graptolite Ordovician Victoria, Australia. Aspidograptus smithonensis Graptolite cambrian Tasmania, Australia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The heart constricts the sinus, but the blood does not actually enter the hemichodrata so it is not a heart in the strictest sense.

The proboscis is a ventrally bent disc. This structure goes on to go thru gastrulation movements which will determine the body plan of the resulting gill slit larva, this larva will ultimately give rise to the marine acorn worm [17] characterisstics. The indirect developmental strategy includes an extended pelagic plankotrophic tornaria larval stage, which means that this hemichordate exists in a larval hemichorata that feeds on charactegistics before turning into an adult worm.

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The Enteropneusts, with more than 70 species, comprise the majority of the Hemichordates, they are the typical Acorn Worms. This tube provides the basis for placing the Hemichordates as a sister group to true Chordates. Hemichordata are divided into two classes: Studies of this nature have been done particularly on S. An introduction to higher-level classification and taxonomic richness” PDF. The collar is modified to produce between 1 and 9 pairs of tentacles or lophophore arms.

Introduction to the Hemichordata

A third class, Planctosphaeroideais proposed based on a single species known only from larvae. This is a modified chwracteristics and in many species it is short, it is these species that have given the Hemichordates their common name of ‘Acorn Worms’. Each animal is housed in a zooid.