It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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Sub-section 8 provides that the Gram Nyayalaya shall dispose of the application made under sub-section 1 within a period of six months from the date of its institution.

But only have been set up. Lastly, while the Law Commission prescribed the creation of a distinct cadre of Nyayadhikaris in each state, the Act of does not do so. However, courts are held only once or twice a month.

Of these, are functional. Gram Nyayalayas may be established in nywyalaya Panchayats at intermediate level or group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level depending upon the number of disputes which normally arise from that area.

Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall preclude any person from availing of the judicial remedies available under articles 32 and of the Constitution.

From the viewpoint of these objectives, Gram Nyayalayas in these two states have not been very successful and the reasons for the same are plentiful. The policy makers need to review, reflect and act upon the suggestions offered nyatalaya stakeholders and firmly resolve to fulfill the mandate of the Act. The tribal areas in Mizoram and Nagaland have been exempted and for non-tribal areas, these North Eastern states have expressed their willingness to set up Gram Nyayalayas subject to elimination of certain legal impediments, not specified.


The Gram Nyayalaya shall be a mobile court and shall exercise the at of both Criminal and Civil Courts.

Monday 17 August Anticipating financial difficulties, the Centre had decided to provide Rs 18 lakh per court to meet non-recurring infrastructural expen-diture. As stated above, one of the objectives of the Act was to reduce pendency and burden on lower courts in the district but the study revealed that even this has not been fulfilled.

This may need an amendment to the Act in order to iron out ambiguities on the basis of experiences of the past 8 years.

The Gram Nyayalayas Act, |Legislative Department | Ministry of Law and Justice | GoI

However, some of the Gram Nyayadhikaris opined that creation of such a separate cadre might not be advisable due to the absence of chances of promotion. The Act of also circumscribes the number of appeals that may be allowed from decisions in the Gram Nyayalaya.

As per the committee, setting up court nyyalaya requires Rs 1 crore and the recurring cost is not less than Rs 10 lakh per court a year. Offences related to central acts such as payment of wages, minimum wages, Protection of civil rights, bonded labour, protection of women nyaylaya domestic violence, etc.

Both these approaches rest on an understanding of a legal system which are conceptually inadequate and empirically suspect.

Gram Nyayalayas Act, | Bare Acts | Law Library | AdvocateKhoj

A Gram Nyayalaya is established for every Panchayat at intermediate level or a group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level in a district.

Sub-section 11 provides that a copy of the order shall be delivered free of cost to both the parties within three days from the date of pronouncement of the judgment.

We are a voice to you; you have been a support to us. Instead, this could be made a compulsory service for a certain period for a newly recruited judicial officer to the regular cadre of first class judicial magistrates or civil judges.


The Gram Nyayalaya shall exercise the powers of a Civil Court with certain modifications and shall follow the special procedure as provided in the Act. Citedby 13 docs – [ View All ].

Gram Nyayalayas

In order to dispense justice in the rural and the remotest of areas in the country, the Gram Nyayalaya Act was enacted in Byayalaya procedures- Appeals lie in the court of District Judge in civil cases not above a specified pecuniary value, and in the Sessions Court for criminal cases where the accused has not pleaded guilty, or has been ordered to pay a fine over one thousand rupees.

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Overriding effect of Act in criminal trial. Appeal in criminal cases shall lie to the Court of Session, which shall be heard and disposed of within a period of six months from the date of filing of such nyahalaya. But zct courts are still few and far between By Jitendra Last Updated: Sub-section 10 provides that the judgment shall contain a concise statement of the case, the point for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision.

Presented below is an overview of the status of implementation of the Act in the states and Union Territories. Short title, extent and commencement. Second Schedule See Sections 13 and