Gerald Dworkin, professor of philosophy at the University of California-Davis, examines John What is the difference between “pure” and “impure” paternalism?. Outline of Dworkin on Paternalism (in James White text). Paternalism = limitations on personal freedom or choice, done to benefit the person. GERALD DWORKIN. MORAL PATERNALISM. (Accepted 9 February ) is a distinction being drawn between a man’s physical good and his moral good?.
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It might be thought, as Mill did, that the burden of proof is different depending on who is being treated paternalistically.
In order to influence students to make healthier food choices as they pass the cafeteria options place the healthy foods at eye level and place the less healthy choices higher or lower than eye level. Paterrnalism In Forgot password? Or consider the case of a wife who hides her sleeping pills so that her potentially suicidal husband cannot use them. Condition one is the trickiest to capture. Dworkin, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Once the issue s has been identified then there may be constraints on the definition other than the normative ones stressed by Sheffrin. After all, if we were capable choosers why not just present us with paternalisn reasons which favor our acting in particular way. Wilkinson, see Other Internet Resources The problem is that manipulation seems a very amorphous and ill-understood concept.
There will be a set of constraints—weak or strong—about how the word is currently being used.
Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. A teacher may be less than honest about telling a student that he has little philosophical ability. A Dworin of Paternalism. The first crucial dimension is what the term is predicated of. A broad paternalist is concerned with any paternalistic action: Paternalism does not specify means; it specifies motives plus some characterization of the effect of yerald action. Climate Change and Optimum Population. Some philosophers such as Feinberg have denied it.
In a way anti-paternalism is already incorporated into Kantian theories by their prohibition against lying and force—the main instruments of paternalistic interference.
Paternalism | The Monist | Oxford Academic
It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. It depends on our understanding of the good of persons. Nanny State or Helpful Friend? In the case of harnessing non-rational tendencies for nudges these conditions are not satisfied.
Criminal Law, Misc in Philosophy of Law. But to do this she must dworki that it is not an instance of paternalism in the sense that her opponent to the dispute accept something as paternalistic.
I suggest the following conditions as an analysis of X acts paternalistically towards Y by doing omitting Z:. Suppose we prevent persons from manufacturing cigarettes because we believe they are harmful to consumers.
Whereas to over-rule a person to benefit others is to treat them as morally incompetent. There is also the distinct issue of whether one acts not dorkin about the consent of the person in question. Marion Smiley – – Journal of Value Inquiry 23 4: History geralld Western Philosophy. Added to PP index Total downloads 17, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 5of 2, How can I increase my downloads?
One might adopt one analysis in the context of doctors and patients and another in the context of whether the state should ban unhealthy foods. The second condition is supposed to be read as distinct from acting against the consent of an agent.
Gerwld Defence of Medical Paternalism: This harnessing of the irrational for our own good is not paradoxical but it strikes some as problematic in the same way getting children to read by offering them financial incentives is problematic.