Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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Who are the bearers and practitioners of the Gada system? One generation in Oromo covers 40 years of the life cycle. Your browser is not supported by this application. It is ssystem border between generations.

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People

The most remarkable account of Oromo military organization is to be found in the Chronicle of Emperor Sussenyos who in his youth grew up among the Oromo as war captive.?? Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation. Rule of laws in Gadaa System governance in such a way that every individual must obey ‘Safuu’ moral values and ‘Seeraa’ law monitored by Qaalluu.

Later it came to bind the socio-economic, political and religious sysem of the innocent man living by raising cattle around Walaabuu. The Gada Assembly Yaa?

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

There were many age sets under each grade and many Cibras under one age set. In fact by African standard the Oromo had effective military organization headed by military ysstem titled as Abba Dula War chief. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There are minimal ranking between senior and junior councilors. The three age regiments in other words are age-sets belonging to grade IV, V and grade VI of the Gada stages of development.

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However, the Gadaa had all the shortcomings and problems like that of the monarchial Oromo and monarchial non-Oromo Ethiopian systems of governance. All political, gadas and economic affairs of Oromo and institutions like adoption ‘Moggaasaa’conflict resolution ‘Araara’compensation ‘Gumaa’marriage law ‘Rakoo’Oromo religion ‘Waaqeffannaa”Irreeaaaa’, Siinqee and Marabbaa were make up of Gada system. Citizen apathy is at the root of our modern political system’s crisis. Gada Assembly is an ultimate authority.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms gqdaa Use and Privacy Policy. His duties also include transferring knowledge and skills associated with the functions of the democratic Gada System to the members of succeeding grades. It appears in five names of Gadaa parties that were named by relating to the religious, political and economic life of the society. The legislative and adjudicatory supremacy of the general assembly is historically conditioned and culturally deep-rooted.

This page was last edited on 30 Novemberat Gadaa regarded as one of the ancient type of social organization by relating it to culture of other Cushitic people.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo.

Method Data Participant Selection: The major activity of the Gada Assembly can be described as legislative. The centrality of the Gada system in Oromo social life gradually declined in many parts of Oromia and Gada political activities progressively transformed into simple life crisis and rituals. Oromo horsemanship is a highly prized aspect of their culture and it had a great deal to do with their military success over the centuries.

Is there any part of the Gada system that is not compatible with existing international human rights instruments or with the requirement of mutual respect among communities, groups and individuals, or with sustainable development? In Oromo religion Waaqeffannaa the first Qaalluu spiral said to have been born exactly when Waaqaa God created ‘Horoo’ who mean the first person out of Walaabuu. Discussions Start a new discussion about this method. Time – among the Guji-Oromo the general assembly takes place once in every eight years and mostly for a week, just a week before power transfer.


Asmarom on his part stated that Gadaa is significant for scholars of anthropology, sociology, psychology, history, culture, linguistics and others. AllAfrica is a voice of, by and about Africa – aggregating, producing and distributing news and information items daily from over African news organizations and eystem own reporters to an African and global public.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System –

The transition rituals by which the genealogical social group the sons passes from one grade to the next is performed every eight years during the life gada. They campaign on behalf of their sons. Thus, an understanding of the System by different communities helps for inter-cultural dialogue and encourage mutual respect. There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of a man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty years ahead of the grade of his son.

The Oromo People and Oromia — brief. Definition The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six hundred years.

Both social groups pass from one stage of development to the next every eight years.