Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler / Georg Lukács ; [traducción de Wenceslao Roces] Edición 1ª ed. en español. Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Georg lukács. el asalto a la razón. la trayectoria del irracionalismo de schelling a hitler. Compra, venta .
|Published (Last):||16 August 2008|
|PDF File Size:||20.24 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.49 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Taken objectively, the two were even closer than these men imagined. Nietzsche proceeded resolutely from this distortion, which manifested itself in his age as world-weariness, pessimism, nihilism, dissipation, lack of self-belief, lack of perspectives and so on. For Nietzsche himself, eternal recurrence is the decisive counter-idea to the concept of becoming.
First we intend to moot the general possibility that for Nietzsche, as for the other philosophers of the age, socialism as a movement and world-view had become the chief opponent, and that only this change on the social front and its philosophical consequences enable us to portray his outlook in its true context. Exactly like Schopenhauer as the philosopher of the bourgeois reactionaries afterhe wrote asapto an age that was nurturing only the first shoots and buds of what was to come.
The drive, therefore, to disseminate culture as widely as possible has its origins in a total secularization, by which culture is reduced to a means of gain and of earthly happiness in lykacs vulgar sense.
De esta manera advierte: This formulation, of course, lukacz points towards the fascist takeover of bourgeois ideology. For, on the one hand, the bourgeoisie at this time was truly the spearhead of all those classes challenging the feudal remnants of absolutism, and thus had a certain right to identify its own interests with those of social evolution considered as a whole.
For Nietzsche the crucial question was this: And he did so precisely by suggesting that they were not over-egotistic but rather lacking in egotism, and that they must — with a good conscience — become more egotistic still.
To do so would merely reveal his political naivety and economic ignorance. With the battle of June and with the Paris Commune in particular, reactionary polemics underwent a radical change of direction.
Los juristas del horror. In this context the Schopenhauer and Wagner portraits which he produced with such fervent eloquence resemble mythicized pretexts for expressing something not yet fully developed, half in poetic and half in philosophical form.
We must also remember that the obfuscating and disordering of the social sciences in the imperialist age proceeded largely along the lines of racial theory race replacing class. That the idea of recurrence figures in several earlier episodes does not affect the under lying construction. The very men whom etiquette, respectful feelings, custom and gratitude keep strictly within the pale, as do mutual surveillance and jealousy to an even greater extent, who, on the other hand, prove so resourceful in consideration, self-control, tact, loyalty, pride and friendship — once estranged from these rzzon, they will behave little better than predatory beasts at large.
But his significance went further: Thus in the last resort, it boils down to the same method whether the ordinary apologists, out of a narrow optimism about capitalist evolution, are commending Darwin, or whether Nietzsche, as a result of the scepticism we have just indicated, is rejecting and attacking him. Mead en Jakobs Now if, from the Renaissance to the French Revolution, men were projecting as a model an image of the Greek polis that was full of such illusions, its nucleus was nonetheless made up of real w currents, the real evolutionary trends of a rising bourgeois society; hence of elements of its own social life and perspectives of its own concrete future.
For the State to exercise jurisdiction is cowardice, because it lacks the great man who can serve as sl criterion. Bismarck, however, being essentially a diplomat of the Bonapartist period, was only briefly carried beyond the narrow aims of a Prussian reactionary policy by the movement for German unity. But he ended the train of thought with the words: Andrew Bowie – – Oxford University Press.
As is widely known, Nietzsche declared a fervent allegiance to atheism; and with the same fervour he denounced all religions, but especially Christianity. Only now has the era of Cyclopean structures arrived! Great politics on earth are only beginning with me. And to azalto extent to which we can speak of a logico-philosophical order in his work here at all, it can have but one meaning. In the observations we have just lu,acs, we have likewise attempted to outline the social reasons for the radical change in the representation of the enemy, and how this change was registered philosophically.
And secondly, his relationship to Darwinism is the clearest illustration of the fact that it was not scientific discoveries and knowledge that guided his thinking into specific channels and forced specific roles upon him. Not only in a French but also in a European context, the battle of June in the revolution had already signified the turning-point. Christianity is the revolt of all grovelling creatures against that which has stature: A famous passage in the Joyful Science states that God is dead, indeed that men have murdered him.
On Enemy Criminal Law as a Legal Term Civility Denied. Gunther Jakobs and Assault Criminal Law
But at the same time, the reactionary content, the apologetic defence of capitalist society as the unsurpassable peak and final end of human evolution had to bring about the repeal of history, evolution and progress. Insofar as ideological disputes arose — and they figured prominently on the surface — they related primarily to differences of opinion as to how socialism could be disarmed most effectively, and to class differences within the reactionary bourgeoisie.
So epistemology sank very low precisely as a result of the near-total hegemony which subjective idealism exercised in the bourgeois philosophy of this period. This in itself obliged him to cast aside the whole Schopenhauerian duality of Vorstellung and Willeand to replace the Buddhist myth of will-power with the myth of the will-to-power.
Because of this bias it was progressive in its main orientation.
Lukacs. El asalto a la Razón..pdf
The subsequent thesis contains, on the basis of the same reflections upon the fragility and vulnerability of the higher type, eo bland denial of any development in nature and history. Admittedly the aristocratic bias of both had asalo social foundations: Only in the light of all these facts are we entitled to claim — without losing a just sense of proportion — that the years marked another turning-point in the development of ideology.
Hobbes y Rousseau, por ejemplo Jakobs,pp.