Self-anchoring category rating scales seem to fulfill this requirement, since satisfaction is also referred to in the literature as the Self-Anchoring Striving Scale . Scales by Ed Diener. Joseph Smiley Distinguished Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, University of Illinois., Source: Hadley Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving. negative feelings); Brief Psychological Well-Being Scale; Comprehensive Psychological Well-Being Scale; Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving Scale (Ladder).

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As noted, we have all evaluative measures for all respondents, but each experienced measure is only available for a randomly chosen five ninth of the sample.

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

The extended satisfaction with life scale: Does life seem better on a sunny day? Looking at the effects of gender, we observe that these vary by outcome measure and are mostly insignificant. Without a spouse, partner or anyone else present. Furthermore it is of interest to explore to which self-anchorinb determinants of evaluative well-being are different from those of experienced well-being and whether the different dimensions of experienced well-being have different determinants.

ELSA Now, please pause briefly to think about yesterdayfrom the morning until the end of the day. Gallup Well-Being Index Did you experience anger during a lot of the day yesterday? The motivation for this is that these appear most amenable to policy e. How did you feel sstriving you were working or volunteering yesterday? Using factor selr-anchoring, we find that all evaluative measures load on the same factor, but the positive and negative experienced affect measures load on different factors.


Did you smile or laugh a lot yesterday?

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

The presence of children in the household does not seem to consistently affect the well-being of the respondent, though as pointed out by Deaton and Stonethis could be a function of controlling for factors associated with having children, such selff-anchoring being married, richer, and healthier.

Overall, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays? So from the viewpoint of affecting the current findings regarding the effects of socio-economic and demographic variables, omitting major life events does not seem to matter very much. The HWB12 scale suggests that individuals with lower education experience less positive affect, while they are also less troubled, but more tired, bored and suffering from pain.

Did you experience enjoyment during a lot of the day yesterday?

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

Overall, to what extent do you feel that the things you do in your life are worthwhile? Thus, a point of interest is to relate differences in correlations to differences in response scales both the wording and the number of points on the response scale.

Upon joining the panel, respondents complete an initial survey collecting individual socio-demographic information, work history and household composition information. There is not much difference in duration across the waves. The TV2 is an Internet player that allows respondents to open email accounts and browse the Internet. Reassessing the Easterlin paradox No. Oxford University Press; The ONS-flourishing eudemonic measure does not seem to represent a separate factor; it mainly loads on the common evaluative factor.


While an extensive literature exists on the determinants of evaluative well-being see for example Dolan et al. I am satisfied with my life.

The largest loadings in absolute value in each row are shown in bold. Adaptation and the set-point model of subjective well-being: In a number of ways the ELSA seven-point response scale appears to behave better than the other coarser response scales especially the Gallup canttil scales.

International differences in well-being. To be more precise, respondents are randomized into one of nine different groups for the experienced well-being measures: We make use of this feature in this paper by designing two experimental modules that were administered in the ALP.

Yesterday, did you feel lonely?

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

The role of demographic variables, expectation formation, and financial literacy. Kim JE, Moen P. Yesterday, did you go for a walk or exercise? Well-Being Measures in Our Questionnaires In the two modules we fielded in the ALP, we administered four sets of evaluative well-being measures and three sets of experienced well-being measures. How did you feel when you were walking or exercising?

Do we really know what makes us happy?