Brahmagupta, whose father was Jisnugupta, wrote important works on mathematics and astronomy. In particular he wrote Brahmasphutasiddhanta Ⓣ, in Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers.
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The reader is expected to know the basic arithmetic bilgraphy as far as taking the square root, although he explains how to find the cube and cube-root of an integer and later gives rules facilitating the computation of squares and square roots. Brahmaguptaborn biograhy c. As no proofs are given, it is not known how Brahmagupta’s results were derived.
Expeditions were sent into Gurjaradesa. Brahma had different views on astronomical parameters and theories.
Views Read Edit View history. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He was the son of Jishnugupta and was a Shaivite by religion. The height of a mountain multiplied by a given multiplier is the distance to a city; it is not erased.
In chapter twelve of his BrahmasphutasiddhantaBrahmagupta provides a formula useful for generating Pythagorean triples:. An enormous amount of material is found on astronomy, while it also includes chapters on mathematics, trigonometry, algorithms and algebra.
But his description of division by zero differs from our modern understanding:.
He also gave partial solutions to certain types of indeterminate equations of the second degree with two unknown variables. Zero Modern number system Brahmagupta’s theorem Brahmagupta’s identity Brahmagupta’s problem Brahmagupta-Fibonacci identity Brahmagupta’s interpolation formula Brahmagupta’s formula.
This information can be translated into the list of sines,,,,,,andwith the radius being brahmgaupta Brahmagupta dedicated a substantial portion of his work to geometry.
Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Indian astronomic material circulated widely for centuries, even passing into medieval Latin texts.
This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician…. For the volume of a frustum of a pyramid, he gives the “pragmatic” value as the depth times the square of the mean of the edges of the top and bottom faces, and he gives the “superficial” volume as the depth times their mean area.
The sum of a negative and zero is negative, [that] of a positive and zero positive, [and that] of two zeros zero. It is interesting to note also that the algebra of Brahmagupta, like that of Diophantus, was syncopated.
Besides being a great mathematician he was an even brilliant astronomer who wrote several books on these subjects. The additive is equal to the product of the additives.
Bramagupta became an astronomer of the Brahmapaksha school, one of the four major schools of Indian astronomy during his era. Perhaps his most famous result was a formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral a four-sided polygon whose vertices all reside on some circle and the length of its diagonals in terms of the length of its sides. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brahmagupta. Brahmagupta was a highly accomplished ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to give rules to compute with zero.
The Nothing That Is: Some of the major contribution to the field of astronomy by Brahmagupta are solar and lunar eclipse calculations and methods for calculating the position of heavenly bodies over time.
Brahmagupta gave the solution of the general linear equation in chapter eighteen of Brahmasphutasiddhanta. Little is known about the life of Bhaskara; I is appended to his name to distinguish him from a 12th-century Indian astronomer of the….
The sum of the cubes is the square of that [sum] Piles of these with identical balls [can also be computed]. This current system is based on the Hindu Arabic number system and first appeared in Brahmasphutasiddhanta. As a young man he studied astronomy extensively. Thank You for Your Contribution! The two [lower segments] of the two diagonals are two sides in a triangle; the base [of the quadrilateral is the base of the triangle].
Babylonian mathematics Chinese mathematics Greek mathematics Islamic mathematics European mathematics.
According to himself, Brahmagupta was born in CE and was the follower of Shaivism. In addition to astronomy, his book also contained various chapters on mathematics.
Brahmagupta – Mathematician Biography, Contributions and Facts
He lived in Bhillamala modern Bhinmal during the reign of the Chapa dynasty ruler, Vyagrahamukha. Each yuga is progressively shorter than the preceding one, corresponding to a decline in the moral and physical state of biogfaphy. Progenitors represents the 14 Progenitors “Manu” in Indian cosmology or 14, “twins” means 2, “Ursa Major” represents the seven stars of Ursa Major or 7, “Vedas” refers to the 4 Vedas or 4, dice represents the number of sides of the tradition die or 6, and so on.
By bilgraphy this site, you agree to allow cookies to be placed. Maria Gaetana Agnesi Italian.
This entry contributed by Margherita Barile Hindu astronomer and mathematician who applied algebraic methods to astronomical problems. In chapter eighteen of his BrahmasphutasiddhantaBrahmagupta describes operations on negative numbers. The square of the diagonal is diminished by the square of half the sum of the base and the top; the square-root is biofraphy perpendicular [altitudes].
Some of the important contributions made by Brahmagupta in astronomy are his methods for calculating the position of heavenly bodies over time ephemeridestheir rising and setting, conjunctionsand the calculation of solar and lunar eclipses. There are numerous science historians who made testimony to od great scientific contribution.