ARMY FM 34-130 PDF

FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.

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IPB is an essential element of the intelligence cycle. For a complete discussion of the decision making process, see FM However, the MI unit commander will use the IPB process to support his own unique planning requirements. This requires key members of the staff to “huddle” or conduct “mini-wargaming. At this level it requires little formal education fk realistic field training exercises FTXs against a “savvy” enemy.

Generally, these are analyzed in more detail for areas within the command’s area of operations AO and battle space than for other areas in the AI. IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them.

Define the Battlefield Environment. This is a listing and discussion of the COAs available to the threat. They also determine the specific intelligence required to support each decision and record it onto the list of proposed intelligence requirements. Characteristics of geography include general characteristics of the terrain and weather, as well as such factors as politics, civilian press, local population, and demographics.

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FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction

It also identifies opportunities the battlefield environment presents, such as avenues of approach, engagement areas, and zones of entry, which the staff integrates into potential friendly COAs and their staff estimates.

Figure shows an example attack 3-4130 matrix.

As f, size of the unit increases, the level of detail required in the IPB effort increases significantly. When operating against a new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently.

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The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure IPB identities the facts and assumptions about the battlefield and the threat that allow effective staff planning. During this step the command’s collection manager develops collection strategies that will satisfy specific information requirements which support the targeting process.

The coordination of this entire cycle is intelligence synchronization. This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects on friendly and threat operations.

IPB forms the basis for defining the COAs available to the friendly command and drives the wargaming process that selects and refines them. The commander bases his initial intelligence requirements on the critical gaps identified during IPB in the mission analysis step of the decision making process. For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions.

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The products of IPB are the basis of the intelligence estimate.

Intelligence

The battle staff then f, the best friendly response or preemptive action based on the updated set of IPB predictions. As part of his initial planning guidance, the commander uses these gaps as a guide to establish his initial intelligence requirements. The targeting process results in targeting guidance that supports the command’s COA.

The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan.

34-1300 also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute. He also approves the list of intelligence requirements associated with that COA and identities the most important as priority intelligence requirements PIR. The staff continues to estimate the situation as the operation progresses, adapting the command’s COA to unforeseen changes in the situation.

There are six intelligence and electronic warfare IEW tasks described in FMthe Army’s intelligence principles manual. Step 4 integrates the results of the previous steps into a meaningful conclusion.

If BDA is required to support the command’s COA, the collection manager plans collection to satisfy that set of requirements as well. The command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop and implement a collection plan amy will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process.