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The Tooth Relic of the Buddha soon became one of the most sacred objects in the country, and a symbol of kingship.

The Institutions of Ancient Ceylon from Inscriptions. Stones were used for foundations and columns, while brick were used for walls. Pali chronicles such as Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa have been written during the Anuradhapura Kingdom, and are still useful as resources for studying the history of the country. Rajaratathe area around the capital, was under the direct administration of the king, while the Ruhuna southern part of the country and the Malaya Rata hill country were governed by officials called apa and mapa.

Good articles Use dmy dates from June Use Indian English from June All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters Former country articles categorised by government type Articles containing Sinhalese-language text Articles containing Tamil-language text CS1 Sinhala-language sources si Sri Lanka articles missing geocoordinate data All articles needing coordinates. It did not restrict itself to Theravada and accepted Mahayana and Tantric ideas as well.

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These administrative units were further divided into smaller units called rata. He eventually brought the island under his control and established himself as king.

When such an army was prepared, it was commanded by several generals. In times of war, a larger army was formed using this method.

These constructions contributed immensely to the improvement of agriculture in the northern and eastern parts of the dry zone. Two different techniques were used in construction; one method involved making an embankment using natural rock formations across a valley and the other involved diverting water courses through constructed canals to reservoirs.

The construction of stupas was noticeable not only during the Anuradhapura Kingdom but throughout the history of Sri Lanka.

Anuradhapura Kingdom

The construction of this network is also attributed to Dhatusena. Throughout the history of Sri Lanka, Ruhuna served as a base for resistance movements.

After ruling the country for 22 years, they were defeated by Asela — BCwho was in turn overthrown by another invasion led by a Chola prince named Ellalan — BC. Irrigation and Water 51 in Asia. Retrieved 17 September These eventually became circular in shape, which were in turn followed by die struck coins. Dominion of Ceylon Republic of Sri Lanka. Lime mortar was used for plastering walls. Followers of Hinduism were also present to some extent during the Anuradhapura Kingdom.

The Jetavana stupa, constructed by Mahasen, is the largest in the country. By the 8th century, large tanks such as Padaviya, Naccaduva, Kantale and Giritale had come into existence, further expanding the irrigation network. However, there are no records of women holding any administrative posts.

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Anuradhapura Kingdom – Wikipedia

The Story of Ceylon. The name was also derived from the city’s establishment on the auspicious asterism called Anura.

Officials called ratiya or ratika were in charge of these. However, it was not until the reign of Dutthagamani — BC that the whole country was unified under the Anuradhapura Kingdom.

After the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka during the reign of Devanampiya Tissa, it spread throughout the country under his patronage. Villages were usually concentrated around irrigation reservoirs to enable easy access to water for agriculture. He was named Minneri Deiyo god of Minneriya for this construction and is still referred to as such by the people in that area.

His ascension to the throne saw the start of the first Lambakanna dynasty, which ruled the country for more than three centuries. The Rulers of Sri Lanka.

Royal officials were divided into three categories; officials attached to the palace, officials of central administration and officials of provincial administration. In areas of high rainfall, a perennial watercourse often took the place of the reservoir.